PI: Eugene Chiang, University of California at Berkeley, email@example.com
Address: Astronomy Department, 601 Campbell Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
CoI: Lawrence H. Wasserman, Lowell Observatory
CoI: Marc W. Buie, Lowell Observatory
CoI: Amy Jordan, University of California at Berkeley
Title: Astrometric Investigation of the Kuiper Belt
Abstract: The Kuiper Belt comprises tens of thousands of asteroid-sized bodies orbiting beyond Neptune. Orbital elements of Kuiper belt objects (KBOs) preserve the record of dynamical processes that molded the outer primordial circumsolar disk. We propose to obtain badly needed astrometry on ~120 KBO candidates having R \gtrsim 23 and positional uncertainties of between 2 and 25 arcminutes using the Mayall 4-m telescope fitted with the wide-field MOSAIC imager. Many of these objects were discovered with 4-m class telescopes under darkest observing conditions; their recovery demands use of the same (or higher) class instrument under similar observing conditions. Securing precise astrometry for their orbits enables identification of recently proposed collisional families, constrains the primordial migration rates of the giant planets, and directly probes the outer boundary of the ancient solar nebula. All recoveries and astrometric measurements resulting from this investigation will be immediately disseminated to the community via Minor Planet Electronic Circulars.
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