Dr. John W. (Jack) Harvey, astronomer at the National Science Foundationıs National Solar Observatory (NSO) at Kitt Peak, Arizona, has been awarded the prestigious George Ellery Hale Prize by the American Astronomical Society in recognition of his "outstanding contributions to the field of solar astronomy over an extended period of time".

During his 30-year career with the Observatory, Jack Harvey has been involved in most forefront areas of solar observational astronomy. His own research investigates small-scale magnetic fields and motions on the solar surface, leading to an increased understanding of the solar interior. He is widely known and respected not only as a brilliant solar astronomer, but as an innovative and successful designer of scientific instruments.

Jack was responsible for initiating the instruments for the highly successful GONG (Global Oscillation Network Group) Project, which monitors oscillations on the solar surface from a six-station network of observing sites around the Earth. GONG observing sites are situated so that "the Sun never sets on GONG", allowing nearly continuous observations of the Sun's "five-minute" oscillations. Jack has also been a team leader on a number of very productive South Pole observing expeditions, where the Sun sets only once a year, and has a mountain in Antarctica named after him.

His dedication to the operation of the NSO Kitt Peak Vacuum Telescope since its inception in 1973 has produced the most complete high-resolution daily record of solar activity in existence, widely used by scientists to monitor solar activity and predict its effect on space weather and the Earth. The innovative successor to the Vacuum Telescope, SOLIS (Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun), was conceived by a team lead by Jack who now serves as the SOLIS Project Scientist. This project is being funded by the National Science Foundation.

The Hale Prize will be awarded to Dr. Harvey at the 194th meeting of the American Astronomical Society (AAS) taking place in Chicago, IL, 30 May - 3 June, 1999. Dr. Harvey is being recognized for his "fundamental contributions to our understanding of the nature of solar magnetic fields and of the internal structure of the Sun through helioseismology, for his development of innovative solar instrumentation, and for his selfless and untiring service to the solar physics community."

Image Caption: NSO astronomer Jack Harvey, shown here on a South Pole Observing expedition in 1991, has won the prestigious Hale Prize from the American Astronomical Society for "outstanding contributions to solar astronomy."

Image Caption: The worldwide GONG (Global Oscillation Network Group) Project monitors oscillations of the solar surface to understand variations in the structure of the solar interior with activity levels.

Image Caption: SOLIS (Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun) will provide 25 years of spectral, magnetic, and image measurements to help understand solar activity and its effect on Earthıs climate and atmosphere.

For more information, contact these astronomers at the National Optical Astronomy Observatories, Tucson, Arizona:

Suzanne H. Jacoby
NOAO Press Officer
(520) 318-8364

Dr. Mark Giampapa
NSO Deputy Director
(520) 318-8236

Dr. Jack Harvey
SOLIS Project Scientist
(520) 318-8337

EDITORS: High resolution versions of the images are available via the internet at

The National Solar Observatory is one of four divisions of the National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO). NOAO is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA), Inc., under cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.


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