PI: Katherine de Kleer, UC Berkeley, firstname.lastname@example.org
Address: Department of Astronomy, 501 Campbell Hall #3411, Berkeley, CA, 94720-3411 USA
CoI: Imke de Pater, UC Berkeley
Title: The Impact of Io's Volcanism on Jupiter's Plasma Environment
Abstract: Jupiter's dynamic and volcanically-active moon Io resides in a complex and time-variable system of neutral and ionized particles, which are sourced by volcanic by-products from Io. Over the past two years, the ISAS/JAXA SPRINT-A/EXCEED mission has been observing the EUV emission from ionized S and O in the Jovian system in order to understand the physical processes and sources of variability. In January 2015, the EXCEED Mission detected an increase in sulfur and oxygen ion emission, which occurred simultaneously with a bright eruption on Io that we detected at Gemini N. This event points to a direct link between Io's atmosphere and the plasma density, but the detection of additional eruptions coincident with plasma events are needed to confirm this connection and determine the timescales of the processes. The arrival of Juno to Jupiter in July of 2016, and the simultaneous planned EXCEED observations, will provide a truly unique opportunity to study the effects of Io's volcanism on Jupiter's plasma environment, which these missions will probe via ion emissions, Jupiter's aurorae, and in situ measurements. We propose to observe Io with ALTAIR/NIRI at 2.3 and 3.8 microns for 25 minutes, on as many nights as possible during the semester. We will analyze our results in conjunction with the results from the EXCEED and Juno missions, in order to assess correlations between the temporal variability of Io's volcanic activity and the plasma torus. Determining the mechanisms and timescales involved in transporting material from Io to the neutral cloud and plasma torus is the first step to understanding the planetary "tails" recently discovered trailing exoplanets in the Kepler dataset.
Program Type: Standard/Solar System
Run 1 (2016B): GEM-NQ/NIRI -- 8hrs band 1 (GN-2016B-Q-5)
National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 North Cherry Avenue, P.O. Box 26732, Tucson, Arizona 85726, Phone: (520) 318-8000, Fax: (520) 318-8360