NOAO >   Observing Info >   Approved Programs >   2016B-0083

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Program Information for 2016B-0083


PI: Kevin Schlaufman, Carnegie Observatories, kcs@carnegiescience.edu
Address: 813 ST, PASADENA, CA 91101-1232 USA

CoI: Andrew Casey, University of Cambridge

Title: A Massive Compact Object Companion to an Ultra Metal-poor Star in the Solar Neighborhood

Abstract: We propose to use the Doppler technique on time-resolved Gemini South/GMOS-S spectroscopy to infer the minimum mass of a massive compact object companion to a recently discovered ultra metal-poor star. Data already acquired suggests that the object is at least a neutron star (and possibly a black hole), but the sparse radial velocity sampling currently available does not exclude the possibility that the companion is a massive white dwarf. If the compact object is confirmed to be a neutron star or black hole, it would be among the closest known massive compact objects to the Sun. The visible ultra metal-poor star is nearby and bright enough that Gaia will eventually measure the inclination of the system's orbit. It will therefore be possible to measure the mass of the compact object. The low metallicity of the visible star suggests that it and the compact object likely formed in the distant past, making the unseen companion the oldest compact object in the solar neighborhood.

Program Type: Standard/Galactic

Scheduled Nights:
Run 1 (2016B):  GEM-SQ/GMOSS -- 5.4hrs band 3 (GS-2016B-Q-80)


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NOAO >   Observing Info >   Approved Programs >   2016B-0083

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