PI: Armin Rest, STScI, email@example.com
Address: 3700 San Martin Dr., Baltimore, MD 21218 USA
CoI: Federica Bianco, NYU
CoI: Alejandro Clocchiatti, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile
CoI: Ryan Foley, U. of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
CoI: David James, CTIO
CoI: Thomas Matheson, CTIO
CoI: Gautham Narayan, NOAO
CoI: Knut Olsen, NOAO
CoI: Sean Points, CTIO
CoI: Jose Luis Prieto, Universidad Diego Portales
CoI: R Chris Smith, CTIO
CoI: Nathan Smith, U. of Arizona
CoI: Nicholas B Suntzeff, Texas A&M U.
CoI: Doug Welch, McMaster U.
CoI: Alfredo Zenteno, NOAO
Title: Light Echoes of Galactic Explosions and Eruptions
Abstract: We propose to continue our search for the first light echoes (LEs) associated with historical Galactic supernovae and LBV outbursts: SN~1006, Kepler's SN, RCW~86, Crab Nebula, and P~Cygni. In previously granted NOAO time, we have discovered LEs of three ancient SNe in the LMC as well as from the historic SN events of Cas~A and Tycho [2, 3], which allowed their spectroscopic classification [6, 7, 10] and 3D spectroscopy [8, 9]. Most recently, we discovered light echoes of the mid-19th-century Great Eruption of $eta$~Carinae using CTIO 4m Mosaic images . We propose to continue our search for light echoes of the remaining historical events. With DECam, we have a 10-15 fold improvement in efficiency over the retired CTIO-Mosaic camera, which allows us to cover the bigger search areas of most of the remaining targets. With the KPNO 4-m, we will observe fields too far north for CTIO/DECam. The study of scattered-light echoes from these Galactic supernovae and eruptions will give us the opportunity to directly compare the original outburst and its current remnant, and in favorable cases (like Eta~Carinae), it provides a three-dimensional view of the event and/or a spectral time series.
Program Type: Standard/Galactic
Run 2 (2016A): KP-4m/MOSA3 -- 2n on Jun 09 - Jun 12 2016
Run 3 (2016A): CT-4m/DECam -- 5.5n on Mar 02 - Mar 07 2016
Run 4 (2016A): CT-4m/DECam -- 5.5n on May 23 - May 28 2016
National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 North Cherry Avenue, P.O. Box 26732, Tucson, Arizona 85726, Phone: (520) 318-8000, Fax: (520) 318-8360