Topic / title*
Description or abstract*
List of current coauthors & institutions
Link to draft or other information: (full URL, including “http://”)
(select all that apply - required)
The Astro2020 request for community input specifies 8 thematic areas for science white papers, as described below. Please indicate all thematic areas that are appropriate for your proposed topic.
Planetary Systems, including solar system bodies (other than the Sun), debris disks, and extrasolar planets; exobiology and the search for life beyond the solar system.
Star and Planet Formation, formation of stars and clusters, protostellar and protoplanetary disks, planet-disk interactions, molecular clouds and the cold interstellar medium, dust, and astrochemistry.
Stars and Stellar Evolution, including the Sun, stellar astrophysics, the structure and evolution of single and multiple stars, and brown dwarfs.
Formation and evolution of compact objects, including stellar-mass black holes, neutron stars, white dwarfs, supernovae, mergers of compact objects, gamma-ray bursts, accretion, production of heavy elements and other extreme physics on stellar scales.
Resolved stellar populations and their environments, including the structure and properties of the Milky Way and nearby galaxies, their stellar populations and evolution, as well as interstellar media and star clusters.
Galaxy Evolution, including the formation, evolution, dynamics, and properties of supermassive black holes, galaxies, and galaxy clusters, active galactic nuclei and QSOs, mergers, star formation rates, gas accretion, and the circumgalactic and intergalactic media.
Cosmology and Fundamental Physics, including the early universe, the cosmic microwave background, reionization and galaxy formation up to the virialization of protogalaxies, large scale structure, the intergalactic medium, determination of cosmological parameters, dark matter and dark energy, astroparticle physics, tests of gravity, and astronomically determined physical constants.
Multi-Messenger Astronomy and Astrophysics, including the sources of gravitational waves, astrophysical and cosmogenic neutrinos, cosmic rays and gamma rays, and the coordinated multi-messenger and multi-wavelength follow-ups.
(select all that apply - optional)
The Astro2020 request for community input notes that science white papers should “focus on science, not specific missions or projects”, but they should also “quantify the key advances in observation, measurement, theory and/or computation necessary to realize the scientific opportunities within the decade 2020-2030 and beyond.” NOAO is particularly interested to know what ground-based OIR capabilities will be important for astronomical advancement in the next decade. Please indicate any such capabilities that are relevant to your proposed white paper topic. You may also indicate other topics of particular interest to NOAO, such as data science and time domain services.
Extremely Large Telescopes
Wide-field multi-object spectroscopy
Astronomical data science
Time domain services