PI: Matthew Giguere, Yale University, firstname.lastname@example.org
Address: Astronomy Department, PO Box 208101, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
CoI: Debra Fischer, Yale University
Title: The CHIRON Rocky Planet Search
Abstract: While the occurrence rate of Jupiter-mass planets around nearby stars is fairly well known, there is a significant discrepancy between several published values for the occurrence rate of low-mass planets (Howard et al. 2010a, Mayor et al. 2011, Fressin et al. 2013). We propose to use CHIRON, the CTIO High Resolution Spectrometer, to determine the occurrence rate of low-mass planets and the frequency of low-mass planets in multi-planet systems, to help resolve this discrepancy. CHIRON has demonstrated that it is capable of detecting very low mass planets through its exquisite radial velocity precision over long time periods. Knowing the mass and period distributions of planetary systems is necessary in order to understand planet formation and test formation theories. The low-mass planets around nearby stars we aim to discover with CHIRON will also be crucial for the development of future missions to detect the atmospheres of planets orbiting nearby stars and the eventual determination of the occurrence rate of habitable worlds.
National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 North Cherry Avenue, P.O. Box 26732, Tucson, Arizona 85726, Phone: (520) 318-8000, Fax: (520) 318-8360