NOAO >   Observing Info >   Approved Programs >   2013B-0270

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Proposal Information for 2013B-0270


PI: Nicholas Moskovitz, MIT, nmosko@mit.edu
Address: EAPS, 77 Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

CoI: David Trilling, NAU
CoI: Cristina Thomas, NASA GSFC
CoI: David Polishook, MIT
CoI: Francesca DeMeo, MIT
CoI: Richard Binzel, MIT
CoI: Paul Abell, NASA JSC
CoI: Michael Person, MIT
CoI: Michael Busch, NASA JPL
CoI: Mark Willman, Univ. Hawaii
CoI: Eric Christensen, LPL

Title: Mission Accessible Near-Earth Objects Survey (MANOS)

Abstract: Although the past decade has seen exponential growth in the number of known near-Earth objects (NEOs), a representative sample of physical properties for sub-km NEOs does not exist. This information is essential to understanding formational and evolutionary processes in the Solar System, accurate impact hazard assessment, and assuring preparedness for future planetary exploration missions. We propose a three year survey with a regular cadence of spectroscopic and photometric observations to obtain compositional and rotational information for newly discovered, mission accessible NEOs smaller than 100 meters. This will produce a database of roughly 300 objects, representing an unexplored size regime over an order of magnitude smaller than previous studies. This unprecedented data set will (1) provide new insight into fundamental Solar System processes such as space weathering, planetary encounters, and radiation pressure forces; (2) forge new links between asteroids and meteorites; and (3) provide key selection criteria for future planetary missions. This survey is a major component in a complementary NASA Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute proposal (PI D. Trilling).


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