PI: Robert Quimby, Caltech, email@example.com
Address: Astronomy Department, 1200 E. California Blvd. MC 149-17, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
Title: The Decline of Luminous Supernovae
Abstract: A new class of stellar outbursts dwarfing the most powerful supernovae observed in the past century has recently been uncovered by wide field optical imaging surveys. With peak luminosities in excess of 10^44 erg s^-1 and total radiative outputs greater than 10^51 erg, these events push the limits of conventional supernova explosion theory. One possibility is that these luminous supernovae (LSNe) are triggered by the electron-positron pair instability, and they may thus represent local analogs of the first stellar explosions to shape the universe. Another is that an additional source of power, such as that provided by spin-down of a nascent magnetar, adds energy into the ejecta after the initial supernova explosion. Here we propose to monitor the late-time decline of three LSNe to test the predictions of these models.
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