PI: Sergio B. Dieterich, Georgia State University, firstname.lastname@example.org
Address: Physics Department, 29 Peachtree Center Avenue, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
CoI: Todd J. Henry, Georgia State University
Title: Probing Stellar Physics at the Bottom of the Main Sequence: Continuing to Map the Optical Color Space for Spectral Types M6V to L5
Abstract: We propose to continue our SOAR Optical Imager (SOI) campaign to obtain VRI photometry for a sample of 116 Very Low Mass (VLM) stars and high mass brown dwarfs. All targets are within 25 parsecs of the Sun. As part of a comprehensive effort involving several observatories we plan to obtain trigonometric parallaxes and to map the orbits of any newly discovered binaries in the sample. Much work has been done in the field of Very Low Mass stars during the last decade, but the fundamental question of where the exact boundary between stars and sub-stellar objects lies is still largely unanswered. This is due to the lack of reliable observational tests that discriminate between the most massive brown dwarfs and the least massive stars. Characterizing objects near this boundary is the fundamental aspect of the PI's doctoral thesis. We will use optical photometry from SOAR to place these Very Low Mass objects in color-magnitude diagrams and to refine existing bolometric corrections. Several objects in our sample have uncertain spectral types. As a backup program, we plan to use the Goodman Spectrograph and perform spectral typing in case the weather is not photometric. These observations are a crucial part of our goal of calibrating the mass- luminosity relation in the stellar/sub-stellar transition region.
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