PI: Steve B. Howell, NOAO, firstname.lastname@example.org
Address: KPNO, 950 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85719, USA
CoI: Elliott Horch, Southern Connecticut State University
CoI: William Sherry, NSO
Title: Speckle Imaging of Kepler Exo-planet Transit Candidate Stars
Abstract: The NASA Kepler mission will be launched in April 2009 and begin science operations 1 month later. Kepler's main science focus is to discover Earth-like exo-planets via photometric transit detection. ``Hot Jupiters" will be found by the hundreds (using current ground- based statistics) but Earth-sized planets (up to 2.5 Earth radii) will be more difficult, yet are the holy grail of the mission. To take the list of candidate transiting planets found by Kepler and move them to probable or certain exo-planet detections, a decision tree of false positive elimination will occur. While earth-sized exo-planets can not currently be confirmed from the ground, many of the false positive eliminations steps can be performed. This proposal aims to obtain high resolution speckle imaging to 1) characterize ~500 comparison sample stars in the Kepler field of view prior to any transit information and to 2) observe Kepler exo-planet transit candidates in order to eliminate the largest false positive contributor in any transit search - background eclipsing binary stars or faint companion stars.
National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 North Cherry Avenue, P.O. Box 26732, Tucson, Arizona 85726, Phone: (520) 318-8000, Fax: (520) 318-8360